𝗧𝗵𝗶𝘀 𝗮𝗿𝘁𝗶𝗰𝗹𝗲 𝘄𝗮𝘀 𝘄𝗿𝗶𝘁𝘁𝗲𝗻 𝗯𝘆 𝗜𝗻𝘁𝗲𝗴𝗿𝘂𝗺 𝗘𝗦𝗚 𝗮𝗻𝗮𝗹𝘆𝘀𝘁 𝗞𝗶𝘁 𝗠𝗮𝗿𝗸𝘀.
Signed into law in August 2022, the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) has been hailed as “the most significant climate legislation in U.S. history” according to the US Environmental Protection Agency (https://www.epa.gov/green-power-markets/inflation-reduction-act).
The main intention of the IRA is to catalyse investment in clean energy: the act itself includes $370b of energy-related spending; two of the main beneficiaries of this will be clean energy and electric vehicle (EV) companies.
The funds are to be delivered through tax incentives, grants, and loan guarantees. According to McKinsey, US solar, wind, heat pumps and EV industry all stand to gain from production and investment tax credits of $30 billion for manufacturing (https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/public-and-social-sector/our-insights/the-inflation-reduction-act-heres-whats-in-it).
We looked into 4 companies that are starting to benefit from the IRA:
𝗧𝗲𝘀𝗹𝗮 - On 22nd February, Tesla announced a shift in cell production from Germany to the US after considering incentives available through the IRA, making it one of the first firms to declare a strategy shift prompted by the law. 
𝗠𝗲𝗿𝗰𝗲𝗱𝗲𝘀-𝗕𝗲𝗻𝘇 𝗚𝗿𝗼𝘂𝗽 - Mercedes are now in the process of building 10,000 fast-charging points in North America from 2023, targeting 2,500 charging points at 400 locations across most U.S. states and Canada by 2027. 
𝗟𝗶𝗻𝗱𝗲 - According to a recent Reuters report, Linde has estimated the total investment opportunity for the company in the United States alone could exceed $30 billion over the next decade. 
𝗙𝗶𝗿𝘀𝘁 𝗦𝗼𝗹𝗮𝗿 - The company has recently announced a big expansion, planning to invest up to $1.2 billion in scaling production of American-made photovoltaic (PV) solar modules. The investment is forecast to expand the company’s ability to produce American-made solar modules for the US solar market to over 10 gigawatts (GW) by 2025. 
𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗿𝗲𝗮𝗰𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗳𝗿𝗼𝗺 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗘𝗨 𝗮𝗰𝗿𝗼𝘀𝘀 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗽𝗼𝗻𝗱 𝗵𝗮𝘀 𝗯𝗲𝗲𝗻 𝗹𝗲𝘀𝘀 𝗲𝗻𝘁𝗵𝘂𝘀𝗶𝗮𝘀𝘁𝗶𝗰.
European officials have complained that the IRA; which – amongst other things - limits tax credits to EVs assembled in the United States, and violates U.S. commitments not to subsidise domestic industries or discriminate against foreign ones.
There are genuine fears that it could lure businesses away from the bloc with generous tax breaks - and there is no smoke without fire.
The CEO of Enel in December publicly claimed the IRA is more efficient than EU aid to support domestic production of energy sector components.
The response by the European Commission has been to unveil its Green Deal Industrial plan, signifying a potential relaxation of state aid towards clean tech, although this is struggling to get ubiquitous support among all member states. The EU has warned against a subsidy race but has welcomed the commission’s response to the IRA.
𝗪𝗵𝗮𝘁 𝗱𝗼 𝘆𝗼𝘂 𝘁𝗵𝗶𝗻𝗸 - 𝘄𝗶𝗹𝗹 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗜𝗥𝗔 𝗯𝗲 𝗮 𝘀𝗶𝗴𝗻𝗶𝗳𝗶𝗰𝗮𝗻𝘁 𝘁𝗼𝗼𝗹 𝗮𝗴𝗮𝗶𝗻𝘀𝘁 𝗰𝗹𝗶𝗺𝗮𝘁𝗲 𝗰𝗵𝗮𝗻𝗴𝗲 𝗼𝗿 𝘄𝗶𝗹𝗹 𝗶𝘁 𝗷𝘂𝘀𝘁 𝗯𝗼𝗼𝘀𝘁 𝗱𝗼𝗺𝗲𝘀𝘁𝗶𝗰 𝗽𝗿𝗼𝗳𝗶𝘁𝘀?
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